ADDRESS 379 Homer Street Earlwood Corner of Wiliam & Homer Street
CONTACT e: f: 02 9787 1431 p: 02 9784 0400
© Vet Central Animal Hospital
GUINEA PIGS Guinea Pigs require a different approach for veterinary treatments. Guinea pigs are a hind gut fermenter. This means they require fibre primarily in the form of hay which is digested in the gut. A common issue with guinea pigs is Gastrointestinal Ileus or gut stasis. Common illnesses for Guinea Pigs can include: Malocclusion: A guinea pigs teeth are “open rooted” meaning they continually grow throughout its life. They require an unlimited amount of grass hay to wear down the teeth and keep them trim. Malocclusion is a dental disease in which the back molars overgrow and trap the tongue. Treatment involves a dental filing under General Anaesthetic depending on the severity and progression of the disease. Lymphoma: Lumps can also be of a concern in guinea pigs. Some can develop into cancers which requires either a course of chemotherapy or surgical removal of the cancer.  Vet Central has full surgical capabilities with a modern approach to exotics surgery. Mites are also a common condition we see at Vet Central. Mites are suspected if the guinea pig is showing signs of itchy skin and there is visible fur loss and scabs. This is common on the neck and back. Guinea pigs will often bite and scratch themselves with weight loss also being a common symptom. If left untreated guinea pigs will start to seizure due to the intense itchiness of the condition caused by Prurtisis or mites. Ringworm is a fungal disease and guinea pigs will be less itchy however the loss of fur will be localised with excessive scaling of the skin. As ringworm can be passed from animals to humans if it important that any guinea pigs with suspected ringworm be assessed via a skin scape and diagnostics. Our friendly staff will discuss appropriate products to use in the case of ringworm for your pet and your family. Urinary Conditions Guinea pigs can also develop urinary tract infections which can be seen when the guinea pig is passing urine. There may be blood present or the Guinea pig may squeak whilst passing urine which can be an indication of pain. Vet Central can treat these infections with the correct antibiotics and pain relief for small animals. If UTI's continue this may also be an indication of bladder stones. Bladder stones need to be diagnosed with x-rays of the guinea pigs abdomen to check for the presence of stones anywhere in the urinary tract to the kidneys. Stones vary in size and number and are made from calcium carbonate. Some diagnoses may require ultrasound. Bladder stones are removed via surgery from the bladder. It is important that owners feed a diet high in fibre and avoid commercial mixes and muesli’s which are high in sugars and calcium. We have a wide range of products which cater for Guinea Pig nutrition in our clinic. A high water intake is also advised.  Respiratory Conditions Upper respiratory infections can involve the nose and upper airways. If your guinea pigs is sneezing or has a nasal discharge this is usually a symptom of an upper respiratory infections. Treatment involves prescribing antibiotics. In your consult our experienced veterinarian will also ensure that heart conditions are ruled out in addition to checking your cavies weight. Pneumonia is a condition that can be fatal for guinea pigs. Guinea pigs that have a reduced appetite and weight loss or where the gums and ears can have a blue/grey tinge can have pneumonia. Respiratory problems such as laboured breathing and lethargy require immediate veterinary treatment. Many guinea pigs is treated efficiently will recover. Vet Central caters for a wide range of medical conditions in guinea pigs. See our friendly team today for a health check of your small animal.
 (02) 9784 0400
379 Homer Street Earlwood
 (02) 9784 0400